What is live donation

What Is Live Donation

Living organ donation is a remarkable and life-affirming
medical procedure where a living person donates a functional organ, such as a kidney or a portion of their liver, to another person in need. This act of generosity is often born out of a deep desire to make a significant and direct impact on someone’s life.

What Are The Types Of Living Donors?

Paired Donors

Definition: In paired donation, a donor-recipient pair that is not a direct match is connected with another pair facing a similar situation. This exchange allows for compatible transplants.
Motivation: Paired donation arises when a potential donor wishes to donate to a loved one but is not a match. Through this program, they can still contribute to their loved one’s well-being.
Process: The donors and recipients are matched with other pairs to create a chain of transplants. This approach maximizes the number of successful transplants and enhances the chances of finding suitable matches.

Directed Donors

Definition: Directed donors are individuals who choose to donate an organ directly to a specific person, often a family member or friend.
Motivation: Typically, directed donors are motivated by a desire to help a loved one in need. This choice is often born out of familial bonds or close personal relationships.
Process: Directed donors undergo the same rigorous medical and psychological evaluations as non-directed donors. The goal is to ensure that the donor is both physically and mentally prepared for the donation process.

Non Directed Donors

Definition: Non-directed donors, also known as altruistic or Good Samaritan donors, choose to donate an organ without specifying a particular recipient.
Motivation: These donors are motivated by a selfless desire to save lives and contribute to the well-being of others. Their act is an expression of pure altruism.
Process: Non-directed donors go through the same evaluation process as other donors. Once cleared, the medical team matches the donated organ with a recipient based on compatibility and urgency

Living Liver Donors

Definition: Living liver donors provide a portion of their liver for transplantation, as the liver has the ability to regenerate.
Motivation: Living liver donors often step forward to help a family member or friend suffering from liver disease, providing a chance for a healthier life.
Process: The surgery involves removing a portion of the donor’s liver, which then regenerates over time. The donated portion is transplanted into the recipient, restoring liver function.

Who Can Donate?

Good Health

Prospective donors should be in good overall physical and mental health.

Age Range

Typically, donors are between 18 and 60 years old, varying with the organ.

Willingness and Informed Consent

Willing donors must provide informed consent, understanding the risks and benefits.

Absence of Certain Conditions

Certain conditions, such as infectious diseases or severe heart conditions, may affect eligibility.

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What Are The Types Of Organs That Can Be Donated?​


Individuals can donate one of their kidneys to a recipient to compensate for the failing kidney of the transplant recipient. This is the most common form of living donation.


Individuals can donate a portion of their liver which is then implanted into the recipient. The liver cells regenerate after the donation until the liver has regrown to almost its original size in both the donor and recipient.

What Are The Risks Of Living Donation?

Understanding the Risks of Live Organ Donation

Considering live organ donation is a courageous decision, and it’s crucial to be informed about potential risks. At The Live
Donor Project, we prioritize transparency for those considering this selfless act.

General Risks:

1. Surgical Risks: Infection, bleeding, and rare anesthesia complications.
2. Pain and Discomfort: Postoperative pain and discomfort.
3. Psychological Impact: Stress, anxiety, and emotional impact.

Organ-Specific Risks: 

1. Kidney Donation: Slight hypertension risk and a small decrease in kidney function.
2. Liver Donation: Small risk of bile leak and infection.

Mitigating Risks: 

Medical professionals take extensive measures to minimize risks through rigorous screening and careful surgical techniques.

Your Decision, Your Well-Being:

While risks exist, most donors go on to lead healthy lives. Make an informed decision, weighing potential risks against the
positive impact you can create.

Get Informed, Stay Empowered:

Connect with our Live Donor Project community and consult medical professionals for personalized guidance.

Begin Your Journey with Knowledge and Confidence. The Gift of Life Begins with You.